History of Basketball

History of Basketball! Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith, a Canadian physical education teacher at Springfield College in the state of Massachusetts (United States). He sought to keep his students busy between the football and baseball seasons, during the winter, when outdoor sports were difficult. Naismith also wanted to find them an activity where physical contact was restricted, in order to avoid the risk of injury.

One day he took up the idea of ​​an ancient Mayan ball game and placed two fishing crates on the gym ramps. The goal of his students was to get a ball into these wooden crates to score a goal. The crates being high, this game required as much skill as brute force. Naismith quickly establishes 13 rules to make this game playable.

This sport was called basketball, which literally means in English: “basketball“. The very first match in history took place on December 21, 1891 and ended with a score of 1 – 0.

In the same year, the game was adapted to be played by women.

At the beginning of its history, basketball was mainly focused on the offensive game, and defense was relegated to the background. The defense was the passive aspect of basketball where we expected the opponent to fail.

History of Basketball

Important basketball dates

1891

Birth of basketball in Springfield in the United States. It was James Naismith, a teacher at YMCA University, who invented basketball. He wants to invent an indoor sport based on skill rather than strength. He hangs 2 fishing baskets on the ramps of a gymnasium. The goal is therefore to throw the ball into the baskets to score points. The sport is called “basketball”, literally “basketball”.

1892

First match between the students and the teachers of Springfield.

1893

The first basketball game is played in France on the premises of the Union Française des Jeunes Gens.

1909

First international match between Russian Mayak Sports Club and a selection YMCA in Saint Petersburg.

1921

A basketball commission is created within the French Athletics Federation.

History of Basketball

1929

The French Athletics Federation takes the name of the French Athletics and Basketball Federation.

1932

Birth of the French Basketball Federation and the International Amateur Basketball Federation. This is created by Argentina, Latvia, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland.

1936

Basketball is an official sport at the Berlin Olympics.

War 39 – 45

American soldiers publicize the activity in all the countries they pass through.

1946

Birth of the NBA, National Basket Association, the goal is to organize meetings between the best professional American teams.

History of Basketball

1950

Basketball is played in a large number of countries. That same year took place the 1st world championship.

1953

1st women’s basketball world championship.

1971

The FFBB is recognized as being of public utility.

1976

The girls arrive at the Montreal Olympics.

1989

The FFBB is recognized as being of public utility.

1992

Professional players are admitted to the Olympic Games for the first time.

2018

Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world.

 

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